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Glossary

The glossary is provided for the benefit of the reader of the education event reports. We have tried to make it as comprehensive, accurate and up to date as possible. If you have any queries or would like to suggest additional terms be included please contact us


Please note that the references to Code sections relate to Edition 18 of the Code of Conduct, which is the edition under which the Educational Event and Advisory Board reports for 1 April – 30 September 2015 were made.


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Educational Event Report Table Contents

Description of function including duration of educational content delivered

Information provided in this column will include the type of educational function, the nature of the education provided, the length of the education and any continuing professional development (CPD)/continuing medical education (CME) points provided.

Venue

This column gives the name and location of the venue where the education and/or hospitality was provided (for example St John of God Hospital, Subiaco WA or Oasis Restaurant, Canberra).

For information on Code of Conduct venue requirements for educational meetings organised or sponsored by pharmaceutical companies please refer to the Medicines Australia website for the Code of Conduct (Section 9.4 and 9.5)

Professional status of attendees

This column will identify the group/s of healthcare professionals in attendance at the event (for example general practitioners, cardiologists, nurses).

Hospitality provided

This column will include information on the type of hospitality that was provided in association with the educational meeting, such as:

  • Food and/or beverages provided to attendees
  • Accommodation (Code Section 9.4.3) provided to attendees
  • Travel (Code Section 9.4.4) provided to attendees
  • If any Entertainment (Code Section 9.4.6 and 9.5.8) was provided to attendees

Total cost of hospitality

This column must state the total cost of the items listed in the ‘hospitality provided’ column.

Number of attendees

This is the number of confirmed attendees for the event. This reflects the number of attendees for which the pharmaceutical company is required to pay.

The actual number of attendees may be lower.  For large conferences and symposia organised by organisations other than the sponsoring company, the number of attendees may be an estimate.

Total Cost of Function

This column will include the total cost of providing the educational event or sponsoring another organisation’s education meeting. The total cost includes the hospitality cost from the fifth column of the table plus any of the following costs, if they were part of the cost of the meeting:

  • Venue hire – meeting room or conference facilities
  • Audio visual equipment
  • IT support
  • Conference organisers
  • Medical writers
  • Transportation costs
  • Speaker fees or honoraria
  • Materials specifically developed for and provided to attendees at the educational event

Terms and Definitions found in the Educational Event Reports

Accommodation

In relation to accommodation costs for healthcare professionals attending an educational event a company may provide a reasonable level of expenses to enable the person to attend the meeting.  Accommodation for family or friends of a health professional may not be paid for by a pharmaceutical company. (Sections 9.4.5, 9.4.8 and 9.5.7 of the Code).

Allied Healthcare Professional

Work alongside doctors and nurses to provide optimum health care (for example audiologists, dieticians, podiatrists, speech pathologists, occupational therapists)

Allergist

A doctor that diagnoses, treats, and manages allergy-related conditions.

Anaesthetist

A doctor who provides your anaesthetic during an operation.

Australian General Practice Network (AGPN)

AGPN is the peak national body established in 1998 representing 119 divisions of general practice and their state-based organisations across Australia. AGPN receives funding from the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing and other sources to manage national programs for the Divisions of General Practice Network to support General Practice locally.

Australian Medical Association (AMA)

The AMA is an organisation whose members are registered medical practitioners and medical students.

Australian Society Clinical Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists (ASCEPT)

ASCEPT is the peak body for Clinical and Experimental Pharmacologists and Toxicologists.

Pharmacology is the interaction of chemical agents and living matter. The emphasis is placed on the principles of drug action and on the reactions of living processes to drugs. Toxicology is a division of pharmacology, concerned with the adverse effects on life of therapeutic drugs and other chemicals.

Bone Marrow Transplant (BMT)

A bone marrow transplant is when healthy bone marrow is transplanted into a patient whose own bone marrow is not working properly. A bone marrow transplant may be done for several conditions including blood diseases, hereditary metabolic diseases, hereditary immune deficiencies, and various forms of cancer.

Cardiologist

A cardiologist is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats heart disease.

Code of Conduct

Medicines Australia’s Code of Conduct sets the standards for the ethical marketing and promotion of prescription pharmaceutical products in Australia. It complements the legislation requirements of the Therapeutic Goods Regulations and the Therapeutic Goods Act. Established in 1960, the pharmaceutical industry Code of Conduct has been revised on a regular basis. The current version is Edition 17

Code of Conduct Committee

A committee comprising a trade practices lawyer, five healthcare professionals, one consumer (unless a complaint concerns an activity directed at consumers, where a second consumer joins the Committee) and a maximum of five industry Managing Directors and Medical/Scientific Directors who consider complaints lodged in relation to a pharmaceutical company. A representative from the Therapeutic Goods Administration also participates as an observer on the Committee.

Congress

This is an extended educational meeting usually organised by a medical society or college, university or other non-pharmaceutical company entity.

Continuing Medical Education (CME)

CME refers to a specific form of education that helps medical practitioners maintain their competence and learn about new and developing areas of their field. These activities may take place as live events, written publications, online programs, audio, video, or other electronic media. Content for these programs is developed, reviewed, and delivered by experts in their individual clinical areas.

Company event

Is an educational event organised by a pharmaceutical company for healthcare professionals.

Consumer

Consumers are persons other than healthcare professionals.

Consumers’ Health Forum of Australia (CHF)

The National body for health consumers established in 1987. It helps shape Australia’s health system by representing and involving consumers in health policy and program development. It is an independent member-based non-government organisation for health consumer and receives funding from the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, membership and specially-funded projects.

Continuing Professional Development (CPD)

The Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP) oversees the Quality improvement and Continuing Professional Development (QI&CPD) Program for general practitioners. Established in 1987, the QI&CPD Program has been continually evaluated and updated. General practitioners are required to complete sufficient educational activities to fulfil the requirements each triennium – a minimum of 130 points, 1 CPR activity and 2 Category 1 activities. The triennium program aims to ensure all GPs are provided with opportunities to participate in high quality educational activities that emphasise patient safety.

Dermatologist

A doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases.

Diabetes Educator

The Australian Diabetes Educators Association is Australia’s peak professional organisation in diabetes education. Educators will generally be generalist nurses, practice nurses, indigenous health workers and allied health professionals.

Dietician

An allied healthcare professional who advises people about meal planning, weight control and diabetes management.

Division of General Practice

These are professionally-led and regionally-based voluntary associations of GPs that seek to co-ordinate local primary care services, and improve the quality of care and health outcomes for local communities. The first divisions were established in 1992 and there are now 119 across Australia, ranging in size from eight to over 600 GPs.

Education material

Means any representation or literature which is intended to provide information about a medical condition or therapy which does not include promotional claims.

Electro Physiologist

A specially trained physician or cardiologist specialising in the treatment and study of disorders of the heart’s electrical conduction system.

Emergency Physician

A doctor who works in an emergency department to care for acutely ill patients.

Endocrinologist

A doctor who specialises in disease of the endocrine glands and hormone systems of the body (for example pituitary gland, adrenal gland, testes).

Entertainment

Means the provision of any diversion or amusement (for example attendance at a sporting event or the theatre). Companies are prohibited from providing entertainment for healthcare professionals under the Medicines Australia Code of Conduct. Please refer to Sections 9.4.6 and 9.5.8 of the Code of Conduct.

Gastroenterologist

A doctor who specialises in issues related to the gastrointestinal system, including the intestines, stomach, liver, and other organs.

General Practitioner (GP)

A GP, family physician or family practitioner is a doctor who provides primary care – usually the first point of consultation for all patients.  A GP treats acute and chronic illnesses, provides preventive care and health education for all ages.

Geriatrician

A doctor specialising in the treatment and care of the elderly people.

Grand Rounds

A formal meeting at which physicians discuss the clinical case of one or more patients. Grand rounds originated as part of residency training wherein new information was taught and clinical reasoning skills were enhanced. Grand rounds today are an integral component of medical education.

Guidelines to the Code of Conduct

The Guidelines have been produced by Medicines Australia as a separate publication to the Code of Conduct to enhance a reader’s understanding and application of the requirements of the Code. The Guidelines should be read in conjunction with the Code of Conduct. The Guidelines are available here.

Haematologist

A doctor who specialises in diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs.

Healthcare Professional (HCP)

In relation to prescription medicines a HCP is a member of the medical, dental, pharmacy or nursing professions and any other persons who in the course of their professional activities may prescribe, dispense, recommend, supply or administer a Product.

Hepatologist

A doctor who specialises in diseases of the liver.

Hospitality

Means the provision of food and/or beverages or travel and accommodation.

Immunologist

Immunologists are responsible for investigating and treating the functions of the body’s immune system.

Industry

Means pharmaceutical companies supplying prescription medicines in Australia. Medicines Australia member companies do not include generic pharmaceutical companies.

Infectious diseases physician

Physicians with specialised training in clinical, laboratory and public health aspects of infectious disease medicine and microbiology including viral hepatitis, HIV, bacterial and tropical infections.

In-service

Means a set of lectures, tutorials or other formalised teaching within the hospital setting.

Journal Club

A journal club is a group of individuals (usually within a hospital setting) who meet regularly to critically evaluate recent articles in scientific literature.

Medical Representative

Means a person expressly employed by a company whose main purpose is the promoting of the company’s products to healthcare professionals.

Medical Practitioner

Means a person registered or licensed as a medical practitioner under a law of a state or territory.

Medicines Australia

Medicines Australia represents the innovative medicines industry in Australia. Our member companies represent more than 90 percent of the prescription pharmaceuticals market, and are engaged in the research, development, manufacture, supply and export of prescription medicines. For more information click here.

Member Company

Means a company registered as a member of Medicines Australia.

Microbiologist

A person who studies micro-organisms, including protozoa, fungi, bacteria and viruses.

Monitoring Committee

A committee comprising a chairman, three healthcare professionals, one consumer and a maximum of two industry Medical and Marketing Directors. For information on the role of the Monitoring Committee please refer to Sections 30 to 32 of the Code.

Neonatologist

A doctor who specialises in the care of premature infants and babiesin the first week of life.

Nephrologist

A doctor who specialises in diagnosing and treating diseases of the kidney.

Neurologist

A doctor who specialises in diseases of the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles, including such common disorders as headache, dizziness, stroke and back pain.

Nurse

A healthcare professional trained in the care of patients with various medical problems.

Oncologist

A doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Medical oncologists specialise in the use of chemotherapy and other drugs to treat cancer. Radiation oncologists specialise in the use of x-rays (radiation) to treat tumours.

Ophthalmologist

A doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye.

Orthopaedic (Orthopod)

A doctor specialising in the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints, and ligaments.

Palliative Care

The care of patients with a terminal illness, not with the intent of trying to cure them, but to relieve their symptons. Palliative care consists of relief of pain and nausea, as well as psychological, social and spiritual support services. The aim of palliative care is to enhance a person’s quality of life and help them maintain their independence for as long as possible.

Pathologist

A doctor who specialises in diagnosis and classification of diseases by laboratory tests such as examination of tissue and cells under a microscope. The pathologist determines whether a tumour is benign or cancerous and, if cancerous, the exact cell type and grade.

Pharmacist

A person trained to prepare and distribute medicines and to give information about them. Pharmacist are licensed by the State Board of Pharmacy or other governing body having jurisdiction.

Physician

A skilled healthcare professional trained and licensed to practice medicine and prescribe drugs to patients.

Psychiatrist

A doctor who treats people through counselling to overcome emotional and psychological reactions to an injury or disease. One difference between a psychiatrist and psychologist is that the psychiatrist is a licensed medical doctor and can prescribe medicines.

Physiotherapist

An allied healthcare professional who treats physical disorders through manipulation, mobilisation techniques and prescribing strengthening exercises and advice where appropriate.

Royal Australian College of General Practitioners (RACGP)

The RACGP is a general practitioner organisation as well as being a clinical college. The core responsibilities of the RACGP are the General Practice Standards and Education and Training in Australia.

Radiologist

A doctor who has special training in reading x-rays and other types of diagnostic imaging studies, for example, ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging.

Respiratory Physician

A doctor who specialises in diseases of the lungs and the respiratory tract.

Rheumatologist

A doctor who specialises in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with diseases of the joints and muscles.

Royal Australian College of Physicians (RACP)

The RACP is responsible for the education, training and continuing professional development of consultant physicians and paediatricians in 25 speciality areas, and consultants and specialists in public health, rehabilitation and occupational medicine. It also provides training in sexual health matters, palliative care and addiction medicine.

Satellite Meeting

Meetings held in conjunction with international or Australasian Congresses.

Sponsorship

Companies may assist and make financial contributions to educational meetings organised by third parties (for example a Division, College or Society) and may sponsor the attendance of healthcare professionals at these meetings. Companies may work with organisers and provide sponsorship to ensure third party educational meetings are a success and provide a forum for the dissemination of information that enhances the quality use of medicines. For further information on provisions pertaining to sponsorship please refer to Sections 9.5 and 9.7 of the Code.

Surgeon

Surgery is the medical specialty that treats diseases or injuries by operative manual and instrumental treatment. Surgeons may be physicians, dentists, or veterinarians who specialise in surgery.

Symposium

A symposium is a meeting between a number of experts in a particular field at which papers are presented by specialist on particular subjects and discussed. Symposia may be organised by a pharmaceutical company as a separate educational event or as a satellite to another congress or conference.

Transplant specialist

A doctor who specialises in the field of organ transplants (for example heart, lung, kidney).

Travel

The following applies to companies sponsoring healthcare professionals travelling to, from and within Australia to symposia and/or congresses:

  • travel may be subsidised provided the meeting is directly related to the healthcare professional’s area of expertise;
  • travel within Australia must be by Economy Class only. For international travel, only Economy or Business class should be used;
  • a reasonable level of accommodation expenses may be covered; and
  • travel costs and expenses for family or travelling companion(s) must not be paid for or subsidised by the sponsoring company.

For further information on provisions pertaining to travel please refer to Sections 9.4.4 and 9.7 in the Code.

Urologist

A physician who specialises in the treatment of diseases of the urinary tract.

Virologist

A doctor who specialises in the study of organic viruses, often considered a part of microbiology or of pathology,: virus structure and classification, their ways to infect and exploit cells to reproduce and cause disease, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their potential uses in research.

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